Narhar Chitalkar (1918-1982) was a renowned music composer
in the movie industry in India. In the composer's role,
he mostly used the name C. Ramachandra, though he also used
the names Annasaheb (in the movies "Bahadur Pratap",
"Matwale", and "Madadgaar"), Ram Chitalkar
(in the movies "Sukhi Jeevan", "Badla",
"Mr. Jhatpat", "Bahadur", and "Dosti"),
and Shyamoo (in the movie "Yeh Hai Duniya"). Further,
he often sang and acted in Marathi movies under the name
R. N. Chitalkar. For his career as an occasional playback
singer he used only his surname Chitalkar. Chitalkar sang
some renowned and unforgettable duets with Lata such as
"Kitna Haseen Hai Mausam" in film Azad or "Shola
Jo Bhadke" in Albela.
was born in 1918 in Puntamba, a small town in Ahmednagar district
in Maharashtra, India. He studied music under Vinayakbua Patwardhan
at "Gandharva Mahavidyalaya". He joined the movie industry
playing the lead role in Y. V. Rao's movie, "Naganand".
He also had some small roles at Minerva Movietone in the movies
"Saeed-e-Havas" and "Atma Tarang".
provided harmonium accompaniment for Minerva composers Bindu Khan
and Habib Khan. He debuted as music director in Tamil movies with
Jayakkodi and Vanamohini. He received public notice as a good
composer in Bhagwan Dada's "Sukhi Jeevan", and established
a long association that culminated with the musical box office
by Benny Goodman, Ramachandra introduced in his compositions the
alto sax in combination with guitar and harmonica. He also included
whistling in one of his famous songs, "Aana meri jaan Sunday
ke Sunday" in "Shehnai". He used a combination
of a bongo, an oboe, a trumpet, a clarinet and a sax for the song
"Shola Jo Bhadke" in "Albela". He sang the
title song "Shin Shinaki Boobla Boo" with Lata Mangeshkar,
which included rock rhythms. He provided the musical score for
the scat song "Ina mina dika" in "Aasha".
C. Ramachandra's biggest success as a music composer was the 1953
movie Anarkali starring Beena Roy in the title role and Pradeep
Kumar. The songs that he composed for this movie are today legendary.
Songs of this movie like "Yeh Zindagi usiki hai", "Mujhse
mat pooch mere ishq main kya rakha hai", "Mohabbat aise
dhadkan hain", "Jaag dard-e-ishq jaag" etc.. went
on to become huge hits and were also highly acclaimed as masterpieces.
Anarkali also perhaps saw the famed composer-singer combine of
Ramachandra and Lata Mangeshkar at their best ever together. A
film critic in London who watched the movie is said to have remarked
that the heroine sang like an angel without knowing that the angel
was actually Lata giving playback for the actress.
highly popular patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo",
which was sung by Lata Mangeshkar and penned by poet Pradeep,
was a composition of Ramachandra, it was later performed live,
by Lata Mangeshkar, in the presence of Jawaharlal Nehru at the
Ramlila grounds, in New Delhi on Republic Day, 26 January 1963.
He similarly provided a memorable musical score accompanying a
competition between two dancers whose roles were played by Padmini
and Vyjayanthimala in the Tamil movie "Vanjikottai Vaaliban".
provided music compositions for a few Marathi, Telugu, Tamil,
and Bhojpuri movies besides Hindi movies. In 1953, he also produced
with "New Sai Productions" three Hindi movies: "Jhanjhar",
"Lehren", "Duniya Gol Hai".
the late 1960s, Ramachandra produced two Marathi movies, "Dhananjay"
and "Gharkul". He also acted in them and composed music
for them. C. Ramchandra died of acute peptic ulcer on the 6 January
1982 at Beach Candy Hospital, Mumbai.
wrote his autobiography in Marathi in 1977.
following is a short list of some of Ramachandra's best compositions:
zindagi usi ki hai jo kisi ka ho gaya (Anarkali)
Dheere se aaja re ankhiyano mein (Albela)
Katate hai dukh mein ye din (Parchhaai)
Tum kya jaano, tumhari yaad mein (Shin Shinaki Bubala Boo)
Aankhon mein sama jao
Kitna haseen hai mausam (Azaad)
Is dil mein raha karana (Yasmin)
Koi kisi ka deewaana na bane (Sargam)
Jaag dard-e-ishq jaag (Anarkali)
Mehfil mein jal uthi shama (Nirala)
Ae pyar teri dunaya se hum (Jhanjar)
Wafaaon ka majboor daman bichha kar dua kar gume dil khuda se
dua kar (Anarkali)
Muhobbat aisi dhadkan hai jo samjhayi nahi jati (Anarkali)
Ab woh raate kahan ab woh baate kahan (Yasmin)
Jo mujhe bhula ke chale gaye (Sangeeta)
Mujh se mat poochh mere ishq mein kya rakha hai (Anarkali)
Dekho ji bahar aayi (Azad)
Jo dil ko jalaye sataye dukhaye aisi muhobbat se hum baaj aaye
Mujh pe iljaam-e-bewafaai hai (Yasmin)
Ae chand pyar mera tujh se ye kah raha hai (Khazana)
Muhobbat mein aise jamane bhi aaye (Sagaai)
Aa ja ab to aa ja (Anarkali)
Tere dar se khushi mangi magar gum de diya tu ne (Hungama)
Tere phoolon se bhi pyar (Nastik)
Kali kali ratiyan yaad sataye (Ghungaroo)
o nirdayi pritam (stri)
Balma bada nadan
Dekhoji bahar aayi
Dil se bhula do tum humen (Patanga)
Kaghaz ki thi woh nao jis main ham jarahe the (Zaban)
Dil ki duniya basa ke sawariyan (Amardeep)
for which Ramachandra provided musical scores are listed below
in chronological order:
and meant for information only.
Hanso Hanso Ae Duniya Walo
Dil Ki Baat
Bachchon Ka Khel
Shadi Se Pehle
Nadiya Ke Paar
Shin Shinaki Bublaa Boo
Subah Ka Tara
Duniya Gol Hai
Amar Rahe Ye Pyar
Daal Me Kaala
Zindagi Aur Maut
Wahaan Ke Log
Balram Shri Krishna
Paayal Ki Jhankar
Jitne Door Utne Paas
Rootha Na Karo