(also known as LP or Laxmi-Pyare) were a popular Bollywood
composer duo, consisting of Laxmikant Shantaram Kudalkar
(1937-1998) and Pyarelal Ramprasad Sharma (born 1940). They
composed music for about 500 Bollywood movies from 1963
to 1998, working for almost all notable filmmakers including
Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand, Feroze Khan, B.R. Chopra, Shakti
Samanta, Manmohan Desai, Yash Chopra, Subhash Ghai and Manoj
worked with almost all reputed music directors (with the
exception of O. P. Nayyar and Shankar-Jaikishan) of the
1950s. In 1953, they became assistants to Kalyanji-Anandji
and worked with them as assistants till 1963. They worked
as music arrangers for many music directors including Sachin
Dev Burman (in Ziddi) and also for his son Rahul Dev Burman
(in his first film Chhote Nawab). Laxmi-Pyare and R D Burman
remained very good friends, even when Laxmi-Pyare started
giving music independently.
was born into a poor family. He was quite impressed by mandolin
and learnt to play it on his own eventually playing the mandolin
publicly in street functions. Later, for financial reasons, he
started organizing Indian Classical Music concerts and started
performing in them. He also started playing mandolin for Bollywood
film music directors.
was the son of a renowned trumpeter Pt. Ramprasad Sharma (popularly
known as Babaji), who taught him the basics of music. He learnt
to play violin from a Goan called Anthony Gonzalves. Incidentally,
Amitabh Bachchan's character was called Anthony Gonsalves in the
movie Amar Akbar Anthony as a tribute to Mr. Gonsalves (The movie
had music by Laxmi-Pyarelal).
was born in Gorakhpur district of Uttar Pradesh. Started learning
violin at the age of 8 and practised it 8 to 12 hours daily. At
the age of 12, he started playing violin in studios to earn money
for his family, whose financial condition had deteriorated.
Formation of composer duo
Laxmikant was about 10 years old, he once played mandolin in a
Lata Mangeshkar concert in Radio Club, Colaba. Lata was so impressed
that she talked to him after the concert
and Pyarelal met at Sureel Kala Kendra, a music academy for children,
run by the Mangeshkar family. After she came to know about their
financially poor backgrounds, Lata recommended their names to
music directors like Naushad, Sachin Dev Burman and C. Ramchandra.
Similar financial backgrounds and age made Laxmikant and Pyarelal
very good friends. They used to spend long hours at the recording
studios, sometimes getting work for each other and even playing
together whenever they got the opportunity.
often used to frequent the Bombay Chamber Orchestra and the Paranjoti
Academy, where he would perfect his skills in the company of Goody
Seervai, Coomi Wadia, Mehli Mehta and his son, Zubin Mehta. Laxmi-Pyare
were not content with the payments being made to them for their
music, so they decided to go to Madras (now Chennai). But, it
was the same story there. So, they returned back. Once Pyarelal
decided to leave India and go to Venice to play for symphony orchestras,
just like Zubin. However, he stayed back at Laxmikant's insistence.
Some of Laxmi-Pyare's colleagues at this time included Pandit
Shivkumar Sharma (Santoor) and Pandit Hariprasad Chaurasia (flute).
Later, Shivkumar and Hariprasad also ventured in Bollywood as
In their early days, Laxmi-Pyare's music was very similar to Shankar-Jaikishan's
music, as Laxmikant was a great fan of theirs. Once Shankar even
changed his orchestration to make sure that his music did not
sound like Laxmi-Pyare's. Laxmi-Pyare's first film as music directors
was not released. The first released movie which featured them
as music directors was Babubhai Mistry's Parasmani (1963), which
was a B-grade mythological film. Throughout their tenure as music
directors, Laxmi-Pyare only used A-grade singers. Their mentors,
Lata Mangeshkar and Mohammad Rafi, agreed to sing for them in
spite of low budgets, and Laxmi-Pyare always remained indebted
to them. In fact, both Mohammad Rafi and Lata have sung the maximum
number of songs in their career for Laxmi-Pyare.They continued
to give patronage to Mohammed Rafi , sometimes against filmmakers'
wishes. They had a great rapport with Kishore Kumar as well. Kishore
Kumar sang maximum songs (402) for LP among all male singers,
followed by Rafi(about 365 songs).
hit the big time with Rajshri Productions' 1964 film Dosti. The
film had two newcomer heroes who never became popular, and the
film was a success due to its music. Songs like Chahoonga main
tujhe shaam savere and Rahi manava became very popular. R D Burman
played mouth organ for all songs of Dosti. Laxmikant once made
a guest appearance playing role of himself as a Composer of Song
"Dil Ki Baat" in Teri Kasam (1982), which had music
by R D Burman. At that time, many used to think that there was
a single person by the name of Laxmikant Pyarelal. Laxmi-Pyare
won their first Filmfare Best Music Director Award for the movie,
ahead of stalwarts like Shankar-Jaikishan (for Sangam) and Madan
Mohan (for Woh Kaun Thi?).
Dosti's success, Laxmi-Pyare started getting work from all major
filmmakers. The rise of Laxmi-Pyare, Rahul Dev Burman, and Kalyanji-Anandji
marked the end of an old era of Bollywood music, which belonged
to Shankar-Jaikishan, Sachin Dev Burman, Naushad, C. Ramchandra,
Khayyam, Madan Mohan, O. P. Nayyar, Roshan and others.
team of Laxmi-Pyare and lyricist Anand Bakshi churned out some
of the most popular songs in Bollywood history. The combo composed
songs for more than 250 movies. Anand Bakshi was the lyricist
who wrote the maximum number of texts Laxmi-Pyare gave music to.
He was actually the lyricist for all the films for which Laxmi-Pyare
won Filmfare Awards, except their very first award.
Laxmi-Pyare gave Indian classical music as well as Western music.
But they were most popular for their folk tunes and semi-classical
music. In Shagird, they created Rock-n-Roll-style foot-tapping
melodies. The film Karz is worth specially mentioning here where
LP successfully, gave disco-like music, in this film they had
experimented with a ghazal "Dard-e-dil Dard-e- jigar"
by westernizing it. The song is strongly remembered even now,
and the duo the Filmfare Best Music Director Award for the year.
not as a rule, Laxmikant mostly looked after vocals and Pyarelal
used to take care of orchestration. Both had vast knowledge of
various music generes, musical instruments and orchestra management.
Mangeshkar and Laxmikant-Pyarelal
Mangeshkar played a major role in shaping up the careers of LP.
She sang the maximum numbers of songs for them. She sounded extremely
melodious under LP. Lata Mangeshkar and Laxmikant-Pyarelal shared
a long, close and rewarding association. From 1963, to the next
35 years, Lata Mangeshkar and Laxmikant-Pyarelal were to chalk
up around 700 songs together, which accounted for one in every
10 Hindi film songs recorded by the Melody Queen, and one of every
four songs composed by the duo. Their work includes a variety
and range; there were chart-slammers and classics, and chaalu
numbers as well as connoisseur choices.
also produced some memorable songs rendered by Kishore Kumar namely
"Mere Mehboob Qayamat hogi", "Ye Dard Bhara Afsana",
"Ye Jeevan Hai", "mere Diwane Pan Ki", "Aap
Ke Anurodh Pe", "Ik Ritu Aaye", "Gadi bula
rahi hai", "Ruk jana Nahi" and "Om Shanti
Om" amongst many others.
worked with Mohammad Rafi, Kishore Kumar, Mukesh, Asha Bhosle,
Manna Dey, Mahendra Kapoor, Alka Yagnik, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan.
However, they also gave big breaks to many newcomers like Shailender
Singh, S.P.Balasubrahmanyam, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Mohammed Aziz,
Suresh Wadkar and Shabbir Kumar, Sukhwinder Singh, Vinod Rathod,
Roop Kumar Rathod etc.Lp also introduced singer like Anuradha
After Laxmikant's death, Pyarelal has done some work independently.
When the playback singer Kumar Sanu turned music director, he
approached Pyarelal to arrange music for him. Pyarelal was approached
to assist in the music of Farah Khan's Om Shanti Om song "Dhoom
Tana Tana", but no credit was given to him on the album,
as per Pyareji's insistence. In 2009 Pyarelal won the Sachin Dev
Burman International Award for Creative Sound and Music at the
Pune Film Festival.
Laxmi-Pyare gave music for almost 635 films in their 35-year career,
winning 32 Gold Discs. They won seven Filmfare Awards, including
four times in a row. They also won the Lata Mangeshkar Award.
Some of their successful scores include
Sati Savitri (1964)
Aaye Din Bahar Ke (1966)
Mere Humdum Mere Dost (1968)
Raja Aur Runk (1968)
Do Raaste (1969)
Jeene Ki Raah (1969)
Aan Milo Sajna (1971)
Mehboob Ki Mehndi (1971)
Mera Gaon Mera Desh (1971)
Patthar ke Sanam (1971)
Gora Aur Kala (1972)
Daag: A Poem of Love (1973)
Roti Kapda Aur Makaan (1974)
Amar Akbar Anthony (1977)
Chacha Bhatija (1977)
Satyam Shivam Sundaram (1978)
Ek Duuje Ke Liye (1981)
Prem Rog (1982)
Mr. India (1987)
Ram Lakhan (1989)
Khuda Gawah (1992)
In 1997 they also given music for a Malayalam film Poonila Mazha.
After Laxmikant-Pyarelal made debut as a music director duo in
1963, they were nominated for the Filmfare Awards (Best Music
Director) almost every year. Many times, they were nominated for
three or more numbers of films in a particular year. At the same
time LP narrowly missed the awards for musical hits like Aaye
Din Bahar Ke, Intquam, Do Raste, Mera Gaon Mera Desh, Shor, Daag,
Bobby, Ek Duje Ke Liye, Utsav and Sur Sangam, Farz, Shagird, Tejab,
Hero and Mr. India.
got 7 Filmfare Trophies, for the following films:
1969: Jeene Ki Raah
1977: Amar Akbar Anthony
1978 Satyam Shivam Sundaram
1964: Aaya Toofan
musicians, Laxmikant Pyarelal have worked for every reputed music
director of the 1950s with the exception of O.P. Nayyar.
Pyarelal have given music to over 500 Hindi films.
Pyarelal are also winners of Indian Government’s prestigious
Lata Mangeshkar Award.
Lata Mangeshkar has sung the maximum number of songs in her career
ever for this duo.
the third quarter of 1963, LP's first ever songs Hasta Hua Nurani
Chehara form Parasmani hit the Binaca Geetmala. After that LP's
songs were regularly and prominently aired on the radio show.
There used to be sixteen songs in each of the weekly Binaca Geetmala
programme, more than half the numbers of the songs were of LP.
There are certain weekly Binaca Geetmala programmes in which more
than 13 out of 16 songs of LP were broadcast.
today, LP’s music is very popular all over India, even in
the interior hearts of the country, and their music has always
been more well-known than they personally ever were, contrary
to all their contemporaries.
also gave soulful music in film 'Dost'. The song 'gaadi bula rahi
hai' was a song in which the reality of life is hidden.
and meant for information only.